Chain of Survival
What Is the Chain of Survival™?
- Healthy choices in lifestyle can help reduce the risk of heart disease, stroke and injury.
- Early recognition of the warning signs for heart disease and stroke, and of illness and injury in infants and children, can reduce delays to treatment.
- Early access to emergency medical services (EMS) — simply call 9-1-1 or your local emergency phone number — will bring trained medical help to the scene.
- Early CPR should be started as soon as possible on a person who is unresponsive, has no normal breathing, no visible signs of circulation and no pulse, in order to provide oxygen to the vital organs until trained professionals arrive.
- Early defibrillation shocks a heart that has stopped beating effectively and allows the heart to reset to a normal rhythm.
- Early advanced care by trained health-care professionals may be provided at the scene, on the way to the hospital or at the hospital.
- Early rehabilitation following a critical event such as a heart attack or stroke can help the survivor, caregivers and family face new challenges and return the survivor to a productive life in the community.